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Surface Changes As Microhairs Move In Magnetic Fields

MIT engineers have developed a coating with tiny metallic microscopic hairs that move when subjected to switching magnetic fields. The movement lets researchers control the direction and speed that fluid moves over the surface or optical characteristics of light passing through.

The hairs are made of nickel and stick out of a stretchy silicone skin beneath. Each hair is a pillar about one-fourth the diameter of a human hair, they say.

“We can apply the field in any direction, and the pillars will follow the field, in real time,” said mechanical engineering graduate student Yangying Zhu.

Click the gifs above or read more and see a video below.

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tech science optics laser lightning building weather empire_state_building detection
Could Lasers Divert Lightning From Buildings?

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by Michael Keller

The standard advice authorities offer when lightning starts crackling across the sky is for people to take shelter inside buildings. Substantial structures offer protection through lightning rods affixed to the roof, electrical wiring and plumbing that can direct the electricity away from occupants and into the ground.

But what is there to protect the buildings themselves from more than 5 billion Joules of energy in a typical lightning strike, which is enough juice to toast 100,000 bread slices? The problem is no small one—the Empire State Building (above) in New York City gets hit by lightning an average of 25 times a year. And Underwriters Laboratories reports that lightning accounts for more than $1 billion in building damage in the U.S. every year. 

Many buildings install lightning protection systems to direct lightning’s energy into the ground, which the Insurance Institute for Business and Home Safety says are highly effective at preventing fires and destructive electrical surges after a strike.

Now researchers say there might be a next-generation protective system that prevents lightning from hitting a building at all. Their secret weapon? High-intensity lasers.

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science technology medical_devices medicine health lab_on_a_chip engineering optics
Complete Medical Checkup On A Chip Gets Closer

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by Txchnologist staff

Engineers have demonstrated an inexpensive handheld device that can analyze up to 170,000 different molecules in a blood sample. The stapler-sized unit might one day make a doctor’s office checkup a thing of the past. 

Measuring minute changes in the intensity of light flashed through a sample, the optical lab-on-a-chip could simultaneously investigate levels of insulin in the blood, viruses and disease markers that indicate cancer or other problems. 

"We were looking to build an interface similar to a car’s dashboard, which is able to indicate gas and oil levels as well as let you know if your headlights are on or if your engine is working correctly," said Hatice Altug, an associate engineering professor at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne and Boston University, in a statement.

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science space astronomy engineering telescope revolutionary universe big_bang optics hubble

Revolutionary Telescope Gets Green Light

An 82-foot telescope boasting ten times the resolution of the Hubble Space Telescope has successfully passed design reviews and is ready to be constructed.

The Giant Magellan Telescope will use a light-collecting mirror surface more than six times the area of current instruments to hunt for distant, potentially habitable planets and let astronomers time travel back to a billion years after the Big Bang.

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