Getting milk from cow to customer is a fairly straightforward proposition: milk the cows, collect the milk from a bunch of different animals, transport it to a processor to get it ready to consume, package it and distribute it for sale to consumers.
At least, that’s how it goes in the developed world. But even with dairy cows dotting the landscape of countries like Uganda and India, the fresh milk supply often breaks at its earliest stages, leaving a void that can deprive children and adults of valuable nutrition, energy and food security.
The problem is refrigeration—not for consumers but for the farmers who milk their cows in the morning and evening. Morning milk can be punctually dispatched to a chiller, which slows bacterial growth in the fluid by dropping its temperature. But without proper cooling, the evening’s milk turns bad by the time it could be transported to a bulk collector and then on to a processor. Along with the waste, poor farmers miss out on valuable lost income.
Policies in some developing countries are creating obstacles to the benefits they could realize from advancing Internet and communications technologies (ICT), a new report finds.
A failure by these governments to implement strategies to foster broadband communication is helping maintain the digital divide between developed and emerging nations, authors of the 2013 Global Information Technology Report say.
We get cold, we put on a sweater. Too hot? Take off a layer. Temperature regulation for most of us means just adding or shedding clothing. But it’s a much more serious situation for babies, particularly newborns. Hot and cold could mean the difference between life and death.
Brain damage and disorders such as cerebral palsy can occur when babies are deprived of oxygen before birth. Some of the most common causes for oxygen to be cut off from foetuses are when there’s a knot of the umbilical cord or a problem develops in the womb with the placenta.
Extended cooling, though, can prevent brain injury. But with equipment costing $12,000, such measures are not always an option in developing countries.